|In May 1986 the Lodge voted to officially changed
its Indian affiliation from Hopi to Hohokam. Up until this time, Ceremonial costumes
were either Hopi or plains style. This change in the Lodges' Indian affiliation was made
for several reasons among which were that the Hopi tribe was not local to southern
Arizona, the Hopi masks were difficult to speak and be heard from and the Hopi tribe was
perceived to discourage the costuming and ceremonies although they had given tacit
permission for the use of their non-religious traditions in some ceremonies.
Hohokam were long known to be the ancient tribe of southern Arizona and some believed that
they were a separate civilization. Very little was known about their ceremonies and
costuming until the 1980's when it was proven that the Hohokam were a northern extremity
of the Toltec tribe. Research indicated that the Hohokam and the Toltec had nearly
identical culture and language. This proof made the change of the official tribal
affiliation from Hopi to Hohokam very easy due to the spectacular nature of the well
documented Toltecs pre-Aztec costumes. Similarly, much of the music and dance of the
Hohokam has been preserved by the Mohave tribe of California, where many of the Hohokam
went when the climate turned drier between 1250 and 1400 A.D.